Cavalier History &
height: 12 - 13 inches (30.5 - 33 cm). Weight: 8 -17
Coat: Consists of
light to firmly-waved soft hair.
Character: This dog
is lovable, energetic, intelligent, obedient, and adaptable.
dog gets along well with children, other dogs, and any household
pets. Can be trained to do hospice work such as hospitals and
grooming with a comb is not required but will make them look and
feel better. They are not hard to brush and only takes a few
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is generally easy to train. They
can be trained to do anything their size will allow (with good
coaching of course). House Breaking
exercise needs of this breed are uncomplicated. It will adapt
itself to the activity level of its family.
Puppy to Adult
The two pictures below are of King (now Boomer)
that was born 2/9/06 and the adult picture was took in July of
07. His mother is Sparkling Jewel. Thanks for the updated pic
Tom & Luann!
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a delightfully
affectionate, playful, intelligent little dog that repays his
owner's care and attention with an endearing devotion.
A toy breed, they have a natural coat which needs no
trimming, long silky ears, and large soulful eyes. More than one
person has described them as looking like a Cocker Spaniel puppy
all their lives. The tail is often left natural. The standard
makes tail docking optional, but two thirds of the tail must be
They come in four color combinations: Blenheim (Red and
White, with a red mask and ears, and red patches on a white
body); Tricolor (Black and White with Tan Points), Ruby (Solid
Red), and Black and Tan (without white).
In addition to being a fine companion, one of the jobs the
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was originally bred to do was to
warm laps in drafty castles and on chilly carriage rides (the
other job was to attract fleas & thereby spare their masters in
the days of the Plague). While so many other breeds of dog no
longer perform the tasks for which they were bred (pulling milk
carts, herding sheep, hunting lions, for example), Cavaliers
still take their responsibility quite seriously. A prescription
written in Olde English for the Queen of England directs her to
keep a "comforte dog" (now known as the Cavalier King Charles
Spaniel) on her lap to treat a cold. It is almost as if the
breed's motto is "so many laps, so little time." Cavaliers take
cuddling so seriously that "If you want your pillow you must get
there first" is often heard when Cavalier owners gather.
What people do well with a Cavalier?
The Cavalier has been the companion of choice to high stress
people for 400 years. Every crowned head of England had one
as a companion as a child, as did many in the Dutch court.
More recent celebrities who own or have owned Cavaliers are
Ronald and Nancy Reagan, William F. Buckley, Ms. Frank
Sinatra, Candice Bergen, Robert Wagner & Natalie Wood and
many others. The Cavalier has a calming effect on many
people. Stress reduction/relaxation can be noticeably felt
when a Cavalier curls up peacefully on a lap.
Are they good with kids?
Cavaliers are excellent with children. Their tendency to
interact with their owners makes them an especially close
friend and confidant for a child. They enjoy playtime and
activity. Children, of course, need supervision to be
certain that the child does not hurt the dog; i.e. no
squeezing allowed. Our puppies are familiar with our child
so they are already introduced to children. Simple rules can
be used to kids such as no petting unless adults are in the
room. Also make sure to make them watch their step because a
cavalier can be beside you without noticing.
Are they good with seniors?
Retirees, or "empty nesters," find the companionship,
temperament, small size and easy maintenance ideal. More
than one woman has mentioned that a Cavalier resting on her
lap or in the crook of her arm is almost as peaceful as
holding a (human) sleeping infant. More than one active
senior with a Cavalier has experienced the receipt of two
invitations for a Cocktail Party/Get Together-one addressed
to the Senior and one to the Cavalier.
Are they good guard dogs?
No. While the Cavalier will alert his owner to an arrival of
someone new, they seem to regard all strangers as friends
they haven't met yet. Although a noisy greeting may be
enough to ward off a prowler, it would be difficult
picturing anyone being scared off by a Cavalier. Never train
them to attack as they are not an "attack" or guard dog. As
most dogs the Cavalier will protect its owner the best it
can in certain events.
Do they travel well?
People who travel often find it easy and pleasant to take
the Cavalier along. Their strong desire to be with their
owners makes them willing travelers. Their size and
personality contribute to their welcome at "dogs allowed"
hotels, marinas & campgrounds.
Are they an AKC breed?
As of January 1996, the Cavaliers have full recognition by
the AKC. They have full recognition by
UPRI, and other registries now.
What medical problems do Cavaliers have?
For the most part Cavaliers are quite healthy dogs. There
are a few problems which are known to appear in the breed:
heart murmurs, cataracts, and Subluxating Patellas. Mitral
Valve Heart Disease.
What kind of grooming is necessary for Cavaliers?
The Cavalier does require regular grooming. A great deal of
time and effort is not necessary if the dog is brushed and
combed thoroughly at least once a week. Cavaliers do shed,
particularly in spring and fall, but a little all the time.
Nails should be clipped and the hair between the pads
trimmed once a month. No other trimming is necessary (or
allowed) in the show ring. The ideal brushes to use are the
softer slicker brushes or a pin brush (not nylon or plastic)
and a metal comb. Knots and tangles are kept to a minimum if
the Cavalier is free of parasites and is combed regularly.
Brush out all knots and tangles before bathing.
Cavaliers are naturally clean dogs. Too much bathing
dries out the skin and hair coat so certainly do not bathe
more than once a week. Don't use human shampoo on dogs
unless you know the brand and type work well with animals.
Rinse thoroughly. A human blow dryer (not on hot) and
brushing at the same time works well for drying. Keep blower
moving so any one spot does not get overheated.